Tag Archives: crisis mapping

FEMA’s S.A.V.E.R. platform: Situational Awareness Viewer for Emergency Response

Map of regions of the Federal Emergency Manage...

Image via Wikipedia

Post by: Kim Stephens

Recently I wrote a post entitled Resource Mapping to Foster Community Resilience. In it I proposed an integrated platform that post-disaster would provide citizens, private companies and government agencies with access to pertinent information displayed in an interactive map. I suggested that both citizens and the private sector be able to contribute data, not just government agencies as is the case with existing government-developed platforms.  Several people wrote in with examples of this very concept being put into practice in Africa. J.M. Cooper wrote: “I’m a disaster manager working for the UN in East Africa…my office is working with various organizations, public and private sector, to do exactly what is being suggested.”

Doug Ragan commented:

I think the idea of Resource Mapping for Community Resilience is a great one, and is as well something that many communities have been doing…

In talking with the MapKibera folk (a mapping project in a large slum in Kenya) I see the questions being asked as the next step beyond just using these mapping processes in disasters, but looking about how they fit into increasing the resilience of communities to withstand disasters, and as well using mapping in their everyday lives. The challenges that MapKibera are now faced with are how to increase the capacity of community members in slums to maintain, use and further advance the mapping systems, versus being dependent on outside expertise. In the end, if they can do so, they will assist the community in dealing with and preparing for disasters independently. And, in the end, is that not what we want?

Recently, Harry Colestock, an emergency manager in Virginia, wrote to tell me: “FEMA is constructing a geospatial tool called SAVER (Situational Awareness Viewer for Emergency Response”–not to be confused with their other SAVER program (System Assessment and Validation for Emergency Responders).”This tool will be all things to all people in a disaster, from disaster survivors who can find out if private sector locations are open or closed to senior decision makers who can view large areas for critical infrastructure restoration prioritization. It is not in the “ready for prime time” mode, but the concept appears workable, and the resources of FEMA/DHS to encourage private partners to share data is considerable.”

So either I’m ahead of my time or out of the loop.

For more info on SAVER you can follow the link to a slide-share put together by Heather Blanchard of CrisisCommons; or just read below where I have summarized liberally.

  1. Data will be incorporated into a viewable format  in order to provide for data sharing with the goal of providing a common operating picture for all “emergency management partners”.
  2. Existing viewers such as “LogViz” will be incorporated.
  3. ESRI based
  4. Example capabilities: US Grid search tool; blue force tracking; SMS text message geo-locating; and help for decision making including everything from shelter support to location of points of distribution (PODs).

When Heather prepared this slideshare about a month ago, FEMA was looking for assistance with identifying the following: which data feeds to include; data definitions from data owners; and suggestions and recommendations on how best to use the data. (I’m not sure if they are still looking for this kind of input but I imagine they are.)

I hope the tool is built/designed so  local communities will be able to take ownership of the project and be sure that information vital to them is included.  If not, locals might view it as one more demand from “on-high” to “feed the machine.”  Locals know their community best, obviously, and would be able to persuade the private sector in their area of the importance of contributing and participating. FEMA may have “resources…to encourage private partners to share data,” as Harry suggested, but they don’t have the relationships with the millions of small businesses vital to local areas; only local offices of emergency management have that. The Virtual Alabama project is an example of a bottom-up approach and they are also looking to include private sector data. Duplication of effort aside, at least everyone seems to be moving in the same direction.

Crisis Mapping and Collaboration–Alabama leads the pack

Alabama Department of Homeland Security

Image via Wikipedia

Post by: Kim Stephens

Collaboration platforms for emergency response organizations are generally designed to accomplish one or more of the following: 1. Provide a common operating picture/situational awareness; 2. Provide a means to determine the deployment of resources in order to prevent duplication of effort; and 3. To provide a means to aggregate data into a format that enables real-time analysis. In Alabama, they are  adding a couple more endeavors to that list, including providing accurate and timely information to, and eventually from the public.

Innovation happens for a reason, either you have a specific problem that needs to be addressed and/or you have to a champion or a “sparkplug” who pushes the cause. Virtual Alabama (click the link to watch a great 3 min. video) was first initiated in October of 2005 at the request of the Governor.  The Alabama Department of Homeland Security’s website describes the project as one that was “initiated… to access new technologies in 3D visualization. At the request of Governor Bob Riley, AL DHS began exploring and identifying ways to leverage existing state asset imagery and infrastructure data into a visualization tool that is affordable, scalable, maintainable, and capable of employing the power of existing and evolving internet based applications. As a result, the Virtual Alabama program was created.” It was built using a customizable/enterprise version of Google Earth that allows for the inclusion of data overlays. The data can include block by block information such as location of fire hydrants all the way up to flood-plain visualization.

The system spurred Virtual Louisiana and led to the creation of  Virtual USA, yet the Alabamans have not rested on their laurels. What they have come to understand is that although this information was available to first responders, there needed to be a way for the public to have access. To address this concern they are about to roll out  a “portal based environment” designed for public access which will even be available as a mobile application.  The end-goal is to have a single interface where private business information, critical to citizens during a crisis, is available:

  • data from gas-stations (e.g. whether of not they are out of fuel)
  • hotel capacity and pet policy information
  • available kennels and veterinarians
  • grocery stores information, etc.

They are also considering how they will integrate situational awareness information provided by the citizens, such as video or pictures from the scene of a disaster. The opportunity to include eyewitness accounts is appealing, but has to be understood within the context of the policy limitations of a Government agency; this has led to the development of a computer “filter” that would be able to recognize things such as nudity or  graphic imagery not suitable for public distribution. I’m not sure when this feature will be implemented, but the public app is in the vulnerability testing phase and should be available the first part of December.

Alabama also has been innovative in its proactive use of technology volunteers. Recognizing that its much more expensive to clean up after a severed gas-line than it is to map it in the fist place, they have enlisted the help of the Auburn University GIS students to plot GPS coordinates of utility lines along the coast. This data would be available to heavy equipment operators after a hurricane, for example, through either a mobile app on a smart phone, or on a mobile computer. Since the data already exist on the platform it can be used offline, another great feature.

Students in the Auburn Management Information Systems’ Department also were enlisted  by AL DHS to help with a “report suspicious activity” feature available on the new citizen portal, also available as a mobile application. Taken from the Department of Homeland Security’s “see something, say something” campaign, this feature will allow citizens to upload video, pics or information to a “government eyes-only” law enforcement site. This takes citizen “tips” line to a whole new level.

I look forward to seeing all of these new feature available to the citizens of Alabama. Let’s hope other states are watching and learning.

Thanks to Shane Hammett , the Virtual Alabama Team Leader for the information. Questions can be directed to Alabama’s Criminal Justice Information Center.